Mandate

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The Security Council unanimously approved Resolution 2423 on 28 June 2018, renewing the mandate of MINUSMA for another year

The Security Council unanimously approved Resolution 2423 on 28 June 2018, renewing the mandate of MINUSMA for another year

Mission Mandate

The Security Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) for another year, maintaining its 13,289 troops and 1,920 police personnel while requesting that the Secretary-General expedite the generation of forces and assets.

Unanimously adopting resolution 2423 (2018) under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter, the Council extended the Mission’s mandate until 30 June 2019 and maintained its strategic priority to support implementation of the 2015 Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, notably by the Government and the Plateforme and Coordination armed groups. It requested that MINUSMA reprioritize its resources and efforts to focus on political tasks and its support for the restoration of State authority to the Centre of Mali, which is in the midst of a growing cycle of violence.

Resolution 2423 also asks the Secretary General to work on concluding a “Pact for Peace” between the Malian government and the United Nations ahead of presidential elections, which alongside legislative elections, are slated for 2018. The Pact would accelerate the implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation and enhance coherence of international efforts in Mali. It establishes clear and specific objectives for the signatories that they will have to implement within six months of the inauguration of the President of Mali following elections.

With regard to the MINUSMA mandate, the Mission’s priority tasks would include supporting the implementation of political and institutional reforms provided by the Agreement — notably to restore and extend State authority and the rule of law throughout the national territory — and supporting defense and security measures, as well as reconciliation and justice measures.

Other priority tasks are:  support for the restoration of State authority in the centre; good offices and reconciliation; protection of civilians and stabilization, including against asymmetric threats; promotion and protection of human rights; and humanitarian assistance.  Other tasks involve projects for stabilization; weapons and ammunition management; and cooperation with sanctions committees.

The components of the new mandate, which was established under Chapter VII of the UN Charter and, in this regard, authorizes MINUSMA to use all necessary means to carry out its mandate, within its capabilities and its areas of deployment, are as follows:

  • Support, the implementation by the Government, the Plateforme and Coordination armed groups, as well as other Malian stakeholders of the Peace Agreement, in particular its political and security key provisions, and requests MINUSMA to reprioritize its resources and efforts to focus on political tasks.
  • Support to the implementation of the Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, including support to the implementation of the political and institutional reforms provided for by the Agreement; support to the implementation of the defense and security measures of the Agreement, notably those relating to the ceasefire, support to the cantonment, disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of armed groups, as well as the progressive redeployment of the Malian Defense and Security Forces especially in the North of Mali;  support to the implementation of the reconciliation and justice measures of the Agreement, in consultation with the parties to the Peace Agreement; support, within its resources and areas of deployment, to the conduct of inclusive, free, fair and transparent local elections, including through the provision of appropriate logistical and technical assistance and effective security arrangements, consistent with the provisions of the Agreement;
  • Good offices, confidence-building and facilitation at the national and local levels, in order to support dialogue with and among all stakeholders towards reconciliation and social cohesion and to encourage and support the full implementation of the Agreement by the Government of Mali and the other parties to the Agreement, including by promoting the participation of civil society, including women’s organizations, as well as youth organizations;
  • Protection, without prejudice to the primary responsibility of the Malian authorities, of civilians under imminent threat of physical violence and specific protection for women and children affected by armed conflict; in support of the Malian authorities, stabilization of the key population centers and other areas where civilians are at risk, notably in the Centre and North of Mali, including deterring asymmetric threats and taking active steps to protect civilians through active patrolling in areas where civilians are at risk and prevent the return of armed elements to those areas; and the removal and destruction of mines and other explosive devices and ammunition management;   
  • Assistance to the Malian authorities in their efforts to promote and protect human rights, in particular in the areas of justice and reconciliation, including support, as feasible and appropriate, to the efforts of the Malian authorities, without prejudice to their responsibilities, to bring to justice those responsible for serious violations or abuses of human rights or violations of international humanitarian law, in particular war crimes and crimes against humanity in Mali; and monitoring, helping to investigate and reporting to the Security Council and publicly, on violations of international humanitarian law and on violations and abuses of human rights, including all forms of sexual and gender-based violence and violations and abuses committed against women and children throughout Mali and to contribute efforts to prevent such violations and abuses;
  • In support of the Malian authorities, contributing to the creation of a secure environment for the safe, civilian-led delivery of humanitarian assistance, in accordance with humanitarian principles, and the voluntary, safe and dignified return or local integration or resettlement of internally displaced persons and refugees in close coordination with humanitarian actors; and contributing to the creation of a secure environment for projects aimed at stabilizing the North of Mali, including quick impact projects;
  • Protection of the United Nations personnel, notably uniformed personnel (military and UN Police), installations and equipment and ensuring the safety, security and freedom of movement of United Nations and associated personnel;

MINUSMA’s mandate also includes cross-cutting issues touching upon all aspects of its mandate: communication with the Malian population; the United Nations zero-tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuses; gender and the full participation and representation of women at all levels in the stabilization process; the protection of children, particularly in the context of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration and in security sector reform in order to end and prevent violations and abuses against children; consideration of environmental impacts of the activities of MINUSMA, managing them and operating mindfully in the vicinity of cultural and historical sites.

More Info : Resolution 2423