The Security Council unanimously approved Resolution 2364 on 29 June 2017, renewing the mandate of MINUSMA for another year.

The Security Council unanimously approved Resolution 2364 on 29 June 2017, renewing the mandate of MINUSMA for another year.

Mission Mandate

The Security Council decided to extend the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) for one year, while maintaining its previous troop level and highlighting such priority tasks as the protection of civilians and support to the country’s defense and security forces.

Unanimously adopting resolution 2364 (2017), the Council decide to extend MINUSMA’s mandate until 30 June 2018 with a composition of up to 13,289 military personnel and 1,920 police personnel.  It also urged the Government of Mali, the Plateforme and Coordination armed groups to continue to engage constructively with sustained political will and in good faith to accelerate the implementation of the country’s Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation, signed in 2015.

By the terms of the resolution, the Council urged the parties to continue to uphold the ceasefire agreement of 23 May 2014 and other critical agreements, while expressing its readiness to consider targeted sanctions against those who resumed hostilities or took actions to obstruct or threaten the Agreement’s implementation.  It further demanded that all armed groups in Mali put aside their arms, cease hostilities, reject the recourse to violence and cut off all ties with terrorist organizations, while calling on the Government to finalize a strategy for the development of the north of Mali and a national emergency plan.

With regard to the MINUSMA mandate, the Council decided that the Mission would focus on a number of priority tasks, including support to the implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation; support to the redeployment of the reformed and reconstituted Malian Defense and Security Forces in the center and north of the country; the protection of civilians, including against asymmetric threats; and countering asymmetric attacks in active defense of its mandate.

The components of the new mandate, which was established under Chapter VII of the UN Charter and, in this regard, authorizes MINUSMA to use all necessary means to carry out its mandate, within its capabilities and its areas of deployment, are as follows:

  • Support, monitoring and supervision of the implementation of the ceasefire arrangements and confidence-building measures by the Government of Mali, the Plateforme and Coordination armed groups, and reporting to the Security Council on any violations of the ceasefire, consistent with the provisions of the Peace Agreement;
  • Support to the implementation of the Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, including support to the implementation of the political and institutional reforms provided for by the Agreement; support to the implementation of the defense and security measures of the Agreement, notably those relating to the ceasefire, support to the cantonment, disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of armed groups, as well as the progressive redeployment of the Malian Defense and Security Forces especially in the North of Mali;  support to the implementation of the reconciliation and justice measures of the Agreement, in consultation with the parties to the Peace Agreement; support, within its resources and areas of deployment, to the conduct of inclusive, free, fair and transparent local elections, including through the provision of appropriate logistical and technical assistance and effective security arrangements, consistent with the provisions of the Agreement;
  • Good offices, confidence-building and facilitation at the national and local levels, in order to support dialogue with and among all stakeholders towards reconciliation and social cohesion and to encourage and support the full implementation of the Agreement by the Government of Mali and the other parties to the Agreement, including by promoting the participation of civil society, including women’s organizations, as well as youth organizations;
  • Protection, without prejudice to the primary responsibility of the Malian authorities, of civilians under imminent threat of physical violence and specific protection for women and children affected by armed conflict; in support of the Malian authorities, stabilization of the key population centers and other areas where civilians are at risk, notably in the North of Mali, including through long-range patrols, and, in this context, deterring threats and taking active steps to prevent the return of armed elements to those areas; and assistance to the Malian authorities with the removal and destruction of mines and other explosive devices and weapons and ammunition management;
  • Assistance to the Malian authorities in their efforts to promote and protect human rights, including support, as feasible and appropriate, to the efforts of the Malian authorities, without prejudice to their responsibilities, to bring to justice those responsible for serious abuses or violations of human rights or violations of international humanitarian law, in particular war crimes and crimes against humanity; and monitoring, helping to investigate and reporting to the Security Council and publicly, as appropriate, on violations of international humanitarian law and on violations and abuses of human rights, as well as contributing to efforts to prevent such violations and abuses;
  • In support of the Malian authorities, contributing to the creation of a secure environment for the safe, civilian-led delivery of humanitarian assistance, in accordance with humanitarian principles, and the voluntary, safe and dignified return or local integration or resettlement of internally displaced persons and refugees in close coordination with humanitarian actors; and contributing to the creation of a secure environment for projects aimed at stabilizing the North of Mali, including quick impact projects;
  • Protection of the United Nations personnel, notably uniformed personnel (military and UN Police), installations and equipment and ensuring the safety, security and freedom of movement of United Nations and associated personnel;

MINUSMA’s mandate also includes cross-cutting issues touching upon all aspects of its mandate: communication with the Malian population; the Human Rights Due Diligence Policy on United Nations support to non-United Nations security forces; the United Nations zero-tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuses; gender and the full participation and representation of women at all levels in the stabilization process; the protection of children, particularly in the context of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration and in security sector reform in order to end and prevent violations and abuses against children; consideration of environmental impacts of the activities of MINUSMA, managing them and operating mindfully in the vicinity of cultural and historical sites.

More Info : Resolution 2364